Drama in language teaching
A number of articles outline the benefits of drama in language teaching. Drama activities lend meaning to language structures by letting students experience the language in concrete situations. Learners are, for example, not simply given a list of phrases typical for meetings to memorize for a vocabulary test but have to role – play a meeting situation – and can thus memorize difficult phrases in context. Learners can practice using language and behavior adequate to potentially complex situations in the safety of the classroom.
In general, drama activities involve physical activity and emotional involvement which can lead to improved retention of language structures and vocabulary. Drama activities can increase students’ self-confidence and decrease fear of using the foreign language spontaneously.
Since drama activities are largely collaborative, learners can also improve their social competences. Moreover, exploring identities beyond their own through inhabiting fictional characters can support learners in developing their capability for empathy.
As a result of the above-mentioned aspects, language learning motivation may be increased because of a unique experience of collaboration, a sense of achievement and joy of a creative approach.